Pāʻulaʻula/Fort Elizabeth is a National Historic Landmark and is administered as the Russian Fort Elizabeth State Historical Park just southeast of present-day Waimea on the island of Kauaʻi in Hawaiʻi.

The park is home to the last remaining Russian fort on the Hawaiian islands, built in 1817 by the Russian-American Company as the result of an alliance with High Chief Kaumualiʻi.

Massive stacked-stone walls of the fort are a mixture of Hawaiian construction and Russian design. Self-guided walk available.

Preservation of Pāʻulaʻula/Russian Fort Elizabeth

Pāʻulaʻula/Russain Fort Elizabeth was designated a National Historical Landmark in 1962 and right now it is an excellent example of sightseeing from the early 19th Century when foreign powers recognized the value of Hawai‘i as a significant provision port for trade across the Pacific and were vying for political influence with the Hawaiian monarchy. The State of Hawai‘i acquired the 17-acre property encompassing the fort structure in 1972 to preserve the site and provide an opportunity for the public to visit and learn more about this period in Hawaiian history.

Interpretation is one opportunity for sharing the history and cultural importance of this site in a way that can promote respect and understanding. Another opportunity is the partnership that has been built with the Waimea community to care for and share this special place with visitors and residents. Planning for the future of the site will need to consider both the opportunities and challenges.

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D_plan of fort

Historical background

Kauai is the oldest island in the Hawaiian chain, giving its people a strong appreciation for local history and culture. Take the time to explore Pāʻulaʻula/Russian fort’s rich history by Richard A. Pierce.

Check out the Most Significant Events of the Last Two Hundred Years of Fort Elizabeth history.

Digital Library

The Fort Elizabeth Digital Library is designed to provide residents, visitors and researchers all over the world with a standards compliant, sustainable, and inter-operable hub that will promote visibility and access of their valuable digital collections. Digital Library Program participants are committed to the following principles:
- open access to and free use and re-use of metadata;
- free online access to digital content to the extent possible given existing rights to the content;
- collaboration and collectively developing and maintaining best practices among program participants.

Please contact us to share your document connected to Pāʻulaʻula/Russian Fort Elizabeth history.