The digital exhibition features images from archives, museums and heritage collections, giving visitors a unique insight in to the history of the Fort Elizabeth.


Pierce, Richard A., ed. Russia's Hawaiian Adwenture, 1815-1817. The Limestone press, 1976 (Univ of California Press, 1965)

Google books



Mills, Peter R. Hawai_i's Russian Adventure: A New Look at Old History. University of Hawaii Press, 2002.

Google books


Introduction to Indoctrination


Semakin, Dmitry. The Russians in the Sandwich Islands (1815-1817), or Dr. Sheffer's Adventure. 



Bingham, Hiram

Residence of twenty-one years in the Sandwich Islands. 3rd. ed. Canandaigua, New York: H.D. Goodwin. 1855.

Mehnert, Klaus

The Russians in Hawai'i 1804-1819. University of Hawaii. Honolulu. 1939

Hommon, Robert J.; Stauder, Catherine; Cox, David W.; Ching, Francis K.W.

Preliminary report on Archeological and Historical Research at Fort Elisabeth, Waimea, Kona, Kauai island. Archeological Research center Hawaii, inc. Lawa'i, 1975

The Centennial Book

One Hundred Years of Chritian Civilization in Hawaii 1820-1920, Published by the Central Committe of the Hawaiian Mission Central. Honolulu, 1920

Bolkhovitinov, N. N.

The Adventures of Doctor Schaffer in Hawaii, 1815-1819 (Bolkhovitinov, N. N., "Avantyura Doktora Sheffera na Gavayyakh v 1815-1819 Godakh," Novaya i Noveyshaya Istoriya, Russian, No. 1,1972, pp. 121-137. Translation by Igor V. Vorobyoff, December 1972)

McCoy, Patrick Carlton

Archaeological Research at Fort Elisabeth, Waimea, Kauai, Hawaiian Islands: Phase I, by Patrick C. McCoy. Prepared for Division of State Parks, Dept. of Land and Natural Resources, State of Hawaii. Department of Anthropology, Bernice P. Bishop Museum, 1972.

Mills, Peter R.

Transformations of a structure: the archaeology and ethnohistory of a Russian fort in a Hawaiian chiefdom, Waimea, Kauai. Diss. University of California, Berkeley, 1996.

Mills, Peter R.

"Folk Housing in the Middle of the Pacific: Architectural Lime, Creolized Ideologies, and Expressions of Power in Nineteenth-Century Hawaii." The Materiality of Individuality. Springer US, 2009. 75-91.

Mills, Peter R.

Introduction to Indoctrination//Hawai_i's Russian Adventure: A New Look at Old History. University of Hawaii Press, 2002.

Shideler, Hammatt

Mitigation Development Plan for Russian Fort Alexander, Kauai, Hawaii

Alexander, W.D.

Papers of the Hawaiian Historical Society #6. The Proceedings of the Russians on Kauai 1814-1816. Readed before the Hawaiian Historical Society, May 7, 1894, by Prof. W.D. Alexander.

Russian Fort Brochure

Oficial Fort Elizabeth Brochure by Hawaii State Park

Kikuchi, William K.; KikuchiThe, Delores L.

The Russian Forts on Kauai, Hawaiian Islands: a Brief Synthesis. 1980.

McCoy, Patrick

Archeological Reserch at Fort Alexander, Hanalei, Kauai. 1973

Stauder, Catherine

A Brief Historical Sketch of Fort Alexander, Hanalei, Kauai

Georg Anton Schäffer

Dr. Schäffer's journal. Deciphered by Igor Lukoyanov and Dmitry Semakin